i prefissi

In English, we have at least 10 prefixes to negate or create the opposite of a word.
For Example:
Word Antonym/Reverse
Happy un-happy
Literate il-literate
Rational ir-rational
Patient im-patient
Dependent in-dependent
Clockwise anti-clockwise
Ability dis-ability
Sense non-sense
Understand mis-understand
Lock un-lock

In Italian, we will learn 3 prefixes: in-, s-, and dis- to reverse a word’s meaning. People who learn English have at least 10 ways of incorrectly adding prefix for antonyms!

In-
Inutile
useless
Infelice
unhappy
Incapace
incapable
Insodisfatto
dissatisfied
Incomplete
incomplete

s-
Sfortuna
Bad luck
Sfortunato/a
Unlucky
Sconsigliare
Advise against
Sconosciuto/a
Unknown
Scontare
discount

dis-
Dispiacere
Displeasure/misfortune
Disfare
Undo
Disorganizzato/a
Disorganized
Disoccupato/a
Unemployed
Disaccordo
disagreement

In English, we usually use the prefix re- to signify repetition.

Thankfully, in Italian there seems to be one prefix that is commonly used to signify repetition: ri-

English Meaning Italian
Reread Read again rileggere
Reopen open again riaprire
Redo do again rifare
Refix fix again riaggiustare
Resell sell again rivendere
Retake take again riprendere
Reborn born again rinascere